Import Surveillance – Business Continuity And Disaster Recovery World Sun, 02 Jan 2022 07:07:31 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Import Surveillance – Business Continuity And Disaster Recovery World 32 32 Current Trends, Key Impact Factors, Revenue and Key Market Dynamics – Industrial IT Sun, 02 Jan 2022 04:21:59 +0000

Global market vision recently added a new informative report, titled “Global DoD Architecture Framework Market (DODAF)“to its constantly expanding database. The DoD Architecture Framework (DODAF) market is analyzed with the aim of helping readers achieve maximum return on investment and enable informed decision-making process. The report contains the latest updates on the current market scenario regarding COVID-19 pandemic. It covers all the core features of the DoD Architecture Framework (DODAF) Market, with key statistical data represented in tabular, graphical form , diagrams, figures, and graphs. The DoD Architecture Framework (DODAF) market report provides a study with a detailed outline, describing the scope of the product / industry and elaborating the outlook and market status ( 2021-2028). The research study provides an overview of the market scenario and dynamics impacting its growth. This report highlights crucial developments along with other events that occur in the market that mark growth and open the doors to future growth in the years to come. Moreover, the report is constructed on the basis of macro- and micro-economic factors and historical data which may influence the growth.

Get an exclusive PDF copy of this report FREE (including full table of contents, table and figures) @

This report focuses on DoD Architecture Framework (DODAF) volume and value at global level, regional level and company level. From a global perspective, this report represents overall DoD Architecture Framework (DODAF) market size by analyzing historical data and future prospect.

Some of the major players in the Global DoD Architecture Framework (DODAF) Market are company coverage (Company Profile, Revenue, Price, Gross Margin, Major Products etc.):

TCI America, Chem-Impex International, Alfa Aesar, Strem Chemicals, SynQuest Labs, DalChem, Shepherd Chemical.

The report provides an in-depth examination of all the risks and opportunities in the market. It contains all the vital information regarding the latest technologies and trends adopted or followed by the vendors in this market. The report a thorough examination of all the risks and opportunities in the market. The analysis covered in the report helps manufacturers of the global DoD Architecture Framework (DODAF) industry to eliminate the risk offered by the global market. The market research report also offers the readers a comprehensive documentation of the past market assessment, current dynamics, and future projections regarding market volume and size.

Global Segmentation of the DoD Architecture Framework (DODAF) Market:

By type

Command and control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance

By application

Land system, naval systems, air force system, space system

Regional analysis:

  • North America (United States, Canada and Mexico)
  • Europe (Germany, France, United Kingdom, Russia and Italy)
  • Asia Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India and Southeast Asia)
  • South America (Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, etc.)
  • The Middle East and Africa (Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Egypt, Nigeria and South Africa)

COVID-19 impact analysis:

In this report, the pre and post COVID impact on market growth and development is well described for a better understanding of the DoD Architecture Framework (DODAF) market on the basis of financial and industry analysis. The COVID-19 pandemic has affected a number of markets and the Global DoD Architecture Framework (DODAF) Market is no exception. However, the dominant players in the global DoD Architecture Framework (DODAF) market are determined to adopt new strategies and seek new funding resources to overcome the growing obstacles to market growth.

The DoD Architecture Framework (DODAF) Market report provides an answer to the following question:

  • What is the expected growth rate of the market during the forecast period?
  • Which regional market is assumed to have the lion’s share?
  • What are the expected factors driving the DoD Architecture Framework (DODAF) market forward?
  • What are the opportunities likely to trigger industrial growth in the years to come?
  • What are the challenges and threats that will have huge impact on the growth of the DoD Architecture Framework (DODAF) market?
  • Who are the key players in the market?
  • What are the major trends that will impact the growth of the market?

Objectives of the study of the DoD Architecture Framework (DODAF) Market report:

  • To provide a detailed analysis of the market structure along with the DoD Architecture Framework (DODAF) market forecast of various segments and sub-segments of the DoD Architecture Framework (DODAF) market
  • To provide insight into the factors influencing and affecting the growth of the market
  • To provide historical, current and forecast revenue of market segments based on material, type, design and end user
  • To provide the historical, current and forecast revenue of the market segments and sub-segments with respect to regional markets and key countries
  • To provide a strategic profile of the major market players, by thoroughly analyzing their market shares, core competencies, and drawing a competitive landscape for the market
  • To provide economic factors, technology and DoD Architecture Framework (DODAF) market trends influencing the Global DoD Architecture Framework (DODAF) Market

Get a research report within 48 hours @

If you have any special requirement, please let us know and we will offer the report to you at a custom price.

About Global Market Vision

Global Market Vision is made up of an ambitious team of young, experienced people who focus on the details and deliver the information according to the client’s needs. Information is vital in the business world and we specialize in disseminating it. Our experts not only have in-depth expertise, but can also create a comprehensive report to help you grow your own business.

With our reports, you can make important tactical business decisions with the confidence that they are based on accurate and well-founded information. Our experts can allay any concerns or doubts about our accuracy and help you tell the difference between reliable and less reliable reports, reducing the risk of making decisions. We can make your decision-making process more precise and increase the likelihood of your goals succeeding.

Contact us

George Miller | Business development

Phone: + 1-3105055739

E-mail: [email protected]

Global market vision


Source link

Azerbaijan increases exports of plant products to Russia Wed, 29 Dec 2021 09:49:00 +0000

December 29, 2021 13:49 (UTC + 04: 00)


By Ayya Lmahamad

Azerbaijan increased its exports of plant products to Russia by 3%, from 423,800 tonnes to 539,700 tonnes, compared to 2020.

This was stated during a videoconference meeting between the Chairman of the Azerbaijani Food Safety Agency, Goshgar Tahmazli, and the Russian Federal Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance Service (Rosselkhoznadzor) Sergey Dankvert on December 27.

The parties noted that as a result of joint cooperation, the two countries had succeeded in simplifying the procedures for importing and exporting plant products.

Discussing the results of cooperation between the two institutions in 2021, the parties noted that the cooperation has greatly contributed to the development of trade relations between Russia and Azerbaijan.

It was noted that currently Azerbaijan is one of the largest exporters of tomatoes and apples to Russia among the CIS countries.

They noted that Rosselkhoznadzor had lifted the export ban for 212 tomatoes and 76 Azerbaijani apple-producing companies.

From January 1 to December 26, 2021, some 138,117 tonnes of tomatoes and 62,319 tonnes of apples were exported to Russia from Azerbaijan.

In addition, they mentioned that exports of agricultural products from Azerbaijan to Russia have increased this year.

In this context, exports of nectarines have multiplied by 3 (from 4,300 tonnes to 12,900 tonnes), exports of peaches by 3 (from 3,100 tonnes to 9,500 tonnes), exports of pears by 2.9 ( from 1,800 tons to 5,300 tons), apricot exports 2.8 times (from 712 tons to 2,000 tons).

In addition, Azerbaijan increased its exports of grapes to Russia by 44 percent (from 6,500 tons to 9,400 tons), persimmons by 33 percent (from 102,100 tons to 136,200 tons), pomegranates from 24 percent (from 12,000 tonnes to 14,900 tonnes), potatoes 23 percent (from 69,000 tonnes to 85,000 tonnes).

In addition, the parties discussed the bilateral cooperation program and other topics of mutual interest.

It should be noted that Rosselkhoznadzor banned the export of Azerbaijani tomatoes and apples on December 10, citing the need to “prevent the import and spread” of pesticides to Russia.

Azerbaijan and Russia have mutual cooperation in different fields, such as economy, agriculture, customs, communications, high technology and others. More than 230 intergovernmental and business-to-business documents have been signed between the two countries and six “roadmaps” are being implemented.

Earlier this year, Azerbaijan participated in a number of international exhibitions held in Russia. Trade turnover between Azerbaijan and Russia amounted to $ 2.6 billion in 2020, making Russia Azerbaijan’s third-largest partner.

Ayya ​​Lmahamad is the reporter for AzerNews, follow her on Twitter: @AyyaLmahamad

Follow us on twitter @AzerNewsAz

Source link

China’s appointment of new Xinjiang chief won’t change Uyghur crackdown Mon, 27 Dec 2021 23:38:00 +0000

China has appointed the governor of the coastal province of Guangdong as the new secretary of the Communist Party of its far-western region of Xinjiang, replacing Chen Quanguo, seen as the architect of the brutal crackdown on Uyghurs and other minorities Muslim.

Ma Xingrui, 62, who has ruled economically vibrant Guangdong since 2017, will become party leader of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, the state-run Xinhua news agency reported on December 25.

Chen, 66, has held his current post since August 2016 and has been accused by the West of spearheading repressive policies and serious human rights violations against the 12 million Uyghurs who live in Xinjiang.

During his tenure as Xinjiang Party leader, China set up a network of detention camps in which up to 1.8 million Uyghurs and other Muslim minorities have been held since 2017 on behalf of prevention of religious extremism and terrorism.

Although Chen has denied widely documented and credible reports of abuse in the camps, he has become the highest Chinese official to be sanctioned by the US government in 2020 in connection with rights violations in Xinjiang.

The US government and the legislatures of several European countries have declared that China’s actions in Xinjiang constitute genocide and crimes against humanity.

On December 23, US President Joe Biden enacted the Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act, blocking the importation of goods into the United States from Xinjiang without “clear and convincing evidence” that they were not. made with forced Uyghur labor.

In early December, the Uyghur Court, an independent People’s Court in London, determined that China had committed genocide and crimes against humanity against Uyghurs and other ethnic minorities in Xinjiang.

The court also found that Chen, Chinese President Xi Jinping, and other senior Chinese Communist Party government officials bore primary responsibility for the crackdown and abuse.

Adrian Zenz, a German researcher who provided crucial evidence to the Uyghur court on the Chinese government’s atrocities against the Uyghurs and efforts to reduce the predominantly Muslim population in Xinjiang, said Chen was transferred to Xinjiang due to his ability to quickly create measures against Uyghurs.

“He was the ideal person to scale up the police apparatus very quickly, to accelerate the internment campaign for re-education very quickly from the initial small-scale re-education efforts that exist, and to accelerate all other measures,” he said. he declares.

Chen’s replacement is a “shift from high-impact, high-pressure mode to a long-term maintenance mode that will continue to use oppressive long-term policies,” Zenz, an independent researcher in the Washington, DC-organization, told nonprofit based Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation.

“[With his] replacement by the governor of Guangdong, we can see Beijing’s strategy of long-term economic development of the region while maintaining oppression, assimilation, optimization of the population and labor costs to strong impact that will all be sustained in a way that’s sort of like slow, slow genocide, ”he said.

“I think that was largely planned already,” Zenz added.

Prior to his appointment in Xinjiang, Chen served as party secretary of the neighboring Tibet Autonomous Region, another ethnic region considered sensitive but not as turbulent as Xinjiang, from 2011 to 2016.

“Chen Quanguo was known for his uncompromising approach to Tibet before Xinjiang, where he enhanced assimilation by building a security architecture that enabled surveillance, control and oppression,” said Kunga Tashi, an expert on Tibet-China relations.

The change of leadership in Xinjiang would not bring any change in the repression of the Uyghurs, he added.

“Ma Xingrui, who will replace Chen Quanguo as Xinjiang party leader, has promised to maintain the current state of supervision in Xinjiang as it is now,” the Tibetan said. “So I think this replacement just has to do with a larger reshuffle before the 20th of next year. [National] Party Congress and nothing to do with ending harsh policies in Xinjiang. “

Translated by RFA Uyghur and Tibetan services. Written in English by Roseanne Gerin.

Source link

In Myanmar, notable Burmese family quietly outfitted a brutal army Sat, 25 Dec 2021 06:08:00 +0000

The family’s initial fortune came from jute, a natural fiber that is used to make rope and twine. The jute factory was nationalized during the army’s disastrous adventure into socialism, after its first coup in 1962.

Burma, once praised for its beautiful schools and its polyglot cosmopolitanism, has fallen into scarcity. The ruling junta renamed the country Myanmar.

Mr Jonathan Kyaw Thaung’s father was sent to Northern Ireland, where he escaped the deprivation of Myanmar. His siblings have dispersed to Thailand, Singapore, the United States and Great Britain. The family’s gracious villa in Yangon has gone moldy, as has the rest of the country.

But even though many of them traveled abroad, the family remained linked in Myanmar and traveled there to do business. Their return journey was made easier by the extensive family tree, which included high-ranking Tatmadaw officers, ministers, and confidants of junta leaders.

A cousin married U Zeyar Aung, a courteous English-speaking general who led the Northern Command and the 88th Light Infantry Division, both linked by the United Nations to decades of war crimes against Myanmar’s own people. He was then Minister of Railways, then Minister of Energy and then headed the National Investment Commission, while the Kyaw Thaung fought over military contracts.

Myanmar’s patronage networks are a tangle of roots that tie family trees together. Children of generals tend to marry in close circles, perhaps with other military descendants or the offspring of business buddies.

As the Tatmadaw began to loosen control of the economy, engaging in an inflammatory sale of assets that had once been the stronghold of the military, this elite class of well-connected people plunged into profit. . Mr Jonathan Kyaw Thaung, whose mother is Irish, returned to Myanmar, along with his siblings and cousins ​​who had also been raised abroad.

Source link

Presidency sounds alarm bells over planned terrorist attack in Abuja Fri, 24 Dec 2021 06:06:08 +0000

Kingsley Nwezeh in Abuja

The presidency yesterday sounded the alarm on an alleged terrorist attack planned in Abuja, during this festive period.

But the Nigerian Immigration Service (NIS) has, as a result, put its officers at various border posts across the country on red alert.

NIS said it received information from the presidency that Malian terrorists were planning to cross the border between Nigeria and the Republic of Niger to launch an attack in the national capital.

The situation has since sparked a wave of meetings in security circles on countermeasures to be adopted to prevent such an eventuality.

Abuja, the country’s capital, has been placed on red security alert for the past two months following reports of a massive influx of terrorists into the city.

The situation had led to the closure of neighborhoods inside the city following reports of house-to-house attacks by suspected thieves in the city.

Niger State Governor Abubakar Sani Bello recently alleged that terrorists had invaded his state and could soon reach Abuja, 120 kilometers away.

Security agencies cordoned off entry points into the city early last month, causing traffic jams, following a security alert over an imminent attack on the seat of national power.
Intensive security patrols were also activated while security meetings were held more regularly to contain the situation.

A letter dated December 23, 2021 and entitled: “Terrorists plan attacks in Abuja” and signed by the Commander of the Land Border Patrol, Mr. Edirin Okoto, on behalf of the Acting Comptroller General of the Immigration Service, Mr. Idris Jere, has been addressed to all Area Commanders and Border Patrol Corps across the country.
They included those at the land borders of Seme, Idi Iroko, Jibia, Illela, as well as immigration officers from Murtala Mohammad International Airport, Nnamdi Azikwe International Airport, Mallam Aminu Kano International Airport, among others. .

“The CGI Ag Office is receiving an (urgent) safety report from the Presidency (OSGF). The import relates to an impending attack on Nigeria’s capital, Abuja, between December 17 and December 31, 2021.

The memo indicates that the planned attack is led by a certain Drahmhane Ould Ali, alias Mohammed Ould Sidat, an Algerian national assisted by a certain Zahid Aminon, a Nigerien national.

The report states that the duo are en route to Nigeria from Mali via Gan and the Republic of Niger, driving a white Toyota Hilux van with Reg. No – AG157EKY. That these two had four Nigerian accomplices, who are already established in the country It is further reported that Ali holds an Algerian diplomatic passport under the name of Najim Ould Ibrahim.

“Therefore, I am invited to ask you to step up alert levels, to put in place the necessary countermeasures at all our points of entry / exit – air, land, sea / sea – including, but not limited to surveillance, rigorous search for people and vehicles, transhumance, to effect the immediate arrest of these terrorists / counterbalance that and any terrorist attack in Abuja, ”he said.

In November 2021, the Department of State Security (DSS) alerted Nigeria’s customs service to planned attacks by insurgents on border communities across the country.

Source link

Forecast 2022: Can the FDA reduce its backlog of manufacturing site inspections next year? Wed, 22 Dec 2021 15:25:45 +0000

During 2021, lawmakers, government officials and top FDA officials racked their brains to find a solution to the agency’s heavy drug manufacturing inspection backlog. The regulator has started righting the ship at home, but overseas problems persist.

And while much of the attention to the FDA’s backlog has focused on delays in approving new drugs, this also poses problems for those who have received reports from the regulator, who rely on these inspections to clear warning letters or import alerts.

In its mid-November update of its “roadmap” for inspection resilience, the FDA reported 52 new drug request delays due to the agency’s backlog of pandemic-related inspections, up from 48 delayed requests reported in May. At the same time, however, the regulator exceeded its expectations for the number of US inspections it could eliminate.

So what does next year have in store for us? In terms of domestically produced inspections, there is a possibility that the FDA may complete its backlog.

Given the progress the FDA has made in its country, “it seems reasonable to us to assume that, because the FDA was able to resume its national surveillance inspections in July of this year, it was able to make progress on the national backlog. since our last report, ”said Mary Denigan-Macauley, director of health care at the Government Accountability Office (GAO).

Despite the agency’s home inspection improvements, it’s a much different story abroad, added Denigan-Macauley. Given the issues the FDA faces on this front, many of which predate COVID-19, the chances of the FDA reducing its backlog of foreign inspections appear slimmer, and “certainly not by next year.” , she said. Judy McMeekin, Associate Commissioner of Regulatory Affairs at the FDA, said in an email interview that “throughout the pandemic, we have continued to conduct critical overseas inspections and have successfully conducted inspections in nearly 30 countries ”. She also noted that the regulator is developing a strategy to increase overseas surveillance inspections next year.

Course correction in the United States

In the United States, the FDA resumed operations as usual in July. In November, it said it had completed 1,139 out of 3,229 pending inspections for medical products and devices.

“We have exceeded our target of completing national surveillance oversight activities as outlined in the resilience roadmap for the FDA inspections oversight report released in May,” said McMeekin.

This includes follow-ups from previous inspections which resulted in an official tag indicating action, McMeekin added. Thanks to the agency’s risk-based approach, the FDA is now conducting home inspections that COVID-19 previously failed, she said.

RELATED: Lawmakers Ask FDA for Answers on Plans to Restart Foreign Inspections

The agency does not yet have data on the number of additional national inspections completed since its November update, but it plans to share the information at a later date, McMeekin said.

GAO in January warned that the FDA needed to clear its backlog, lest the regulator hamper its goal of shifting to exclusively risk-based surveillance inspections. The office urged the FDA to take the backlog into account when developing forward-looking inspection strategies, as well as finding alternative inspection tools and determining whether new options will provide the information needed to complete the inspections. regular activities or responsibilities of the agency when inspections are not possible in the future.

Monitoring abroad

Meanwhile, the problems the FDA faces overseas may be difficult to overcome in 2022 alone. In its latest update to the resilience roadmap, the agency telegraphed its intention to forge a plan to resume overseas inspections from next February. Omicron could disrupt those plans, but there is no doubt that the FDA’s roadmap for resilience is a “step in the right direction,” Denigan-Macauley pointed out.

The overseas surveillance inspection program will rely on inspection staff based in the United States and overseas in places where travel restrictions have been lifted, McMeekin explained.

From March to October last year, the FDA performed just three critical overseas inspections, GAO reported earlier this year. This compares to about 600 foreign inspections the agency conducts each year under normal circumstances.

The situation improved in 2021, but the inspection activity was still low. Between April and September 2021, the regulator performed just 37 foreign drug inspections, three foreign veterinary drug inspections, four foreign medical device inspections, and two foreign biologics inspections.

Like many organizations during the pandemic, the FDA used a mix of digital and remote tools. But while remote inspection tools are a vital resource during the pandemic, in-person inspections are “the key” to what the agency does, Denigan-Macauley added. Ultimately, the FDA must use these alternative oversight tools, such as remote inspections, requesting registrations, and the use of certain other overseas regulators, to supplement rather than replace its traditional inspections.

Prepandemic blues

On the front of foreign inspections, the FDA has been struggling since before the pandemic. Vacancies and language barriers are two big issues, Denigan-Macauley said.

The good news is that the FDA “is actively working on these issues,” McMeekin said. For example, she highlighted a pilot program that the regulator plans to launch in 2022 which aims to “improve the translation capacities of drug inspections abroad”.

She added that investigator staffing levels are essential to the agency’s mission and that the regulator is actively recruiting. He is specifically looking for “foreign executives” who are based in the United States but travel to foreign countries to perform inspections, McMeekin said.

Going forward, the FDA says it will continue to prioritize “mission-critical” work as well as other “higher-level” inspection needs such as cause inspections.

RELATED: Considering Huge Backlog of Pandemic Inspections, FDA Establishes ‘Roadmap’ to Get Back on Track

In July, the agency deployed the FDA Inspection Affairs Board to develop a multi-year action plan around inspections, information sharing and other processes to “expedite assessment and integration. potential of new monitoring methods and tools ”. One of the responsibilities of FIAC is to propose an agency-wide policy and procedure for remote regulatory assessments.

“We have learned through our own experiences so far and by discussing remote assessment approaches with our overseas counterparts, that remote assessments have presented significant technical challenges and require more resources than expected,” said McMeekin from the FDA. Some of these factors include the logistical challenges of time zone differences as well as the inevitable IT issues associated with live streaming content.

The FDA has relied on these alternative assessments to strengthen its surveillance during COVID-19, but remote reviews do not meet in-person requirements for surveillance inspections. By going digital, the FDA could reduce the number of user fee delays it clears, but it will still be struggling with hundreds of surveillance inspections that require in-person contact.

“Ideally, inspections complemented by additional tools, including registration requests and remote interactive assessments, will provide us with the greatest depth of information,” said McMeekin. “Information obtained through remote assessments can be used to support regulatory decisions, including application approvals and to take regulatory action, including warning letters,” she added. These remote assessments can also “supplement” information received by other mechanisms.

Ultimately, the FDA will have to rely on a healthy mix of old and new, which GAO’s Denigan Macauley and FDA’s McMeekin pointed out.

Source link

US blocks investment in Chinese surveillance and military-industrial companies Mon, 20 Dec 2021 19:34:17 +0000

The United States blocked Thursday American investors to make investments in eight Chinese surveillance and military-industrial companies, and restricts exports to dozens of entities, some of which are involved in Beijing’s efforts to develop biotechnology for military applications.

Actions taken by the US Treasury and Commerce Departments, come as the United States continues to focus on China’s human rights abuses, including the stalking of ethnic and religious minorities in the far west region of Xinjiang. The United States has used various measures including sanctions, import bans and export restrictions to remedy the situation there, but American technology has made its way into surveillance operations, Kharon reported in 2020.

“We are committed to promoting respect for the human rights of members of minority groups in [China] and elsewhere, while ensuring that the US financial system and US investors do not encourage these activities, ”said Secretary of State Antony Blinken.

Since 2017, authorities in Xinjiang have detained between 1 million and 1.8 million Uyghurs and members of other minority groups, an act that the US government and, more recently, a UK-based court ruled genocide.

Earlier this month, the Treasury sanctioned the current and former president of the Xinjiang region, citing their role in human rights violations. The US State Department has issued visa bans for them and their families. And Congress passed legislation banning imports of goods produced using forced labor into the region; President Joe Biden is expected to sign it.

Thursday, the Treasury added eight companies to his list of Chinese companies in the military-industrial complex, preventing the Americans from investing in one of them. The eight companies or their subsidiaries were already subject to export restrictions imposed by the Commerce Department, according to a review by Kharon.

“Private companies in China’s defense and surveillance technology sectors are actively cooperating with government efforts to suppress members of ethnic and religious minority groups,” said Brian Nelson, Under Secretary of the Treasury for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence . “[The] The Treasury remains committed to ensuring that the US financial system and US investors do not support these activities. “

Thursday’s announcements also follow the movement earlier this month against facial recognition company SenseTime Group Limited, which led the company to suspend its initial public offering (IPO). (SenseTime has relaunched its IPO and trading will begin on December 30, but U.S. investors are not allowed to participate, CNN reported, citing Hong Kong securities filings and a company statement.)

SZ DJI Technology Co., Ltd., one of the world’s largest drone manufacturers, had provided devices to the Xinjiang Public Security Bureau (PSB) for Uyghur surveillance, the Treasury said. Leon Technology is one of the key companies that has helped the Chinese government build the Integrated Joint Operations Platform (IJOP), a surveillance system in Xinjiang, the Treasury said.

Products made by CloudWalk Technology, which developed facial recognition software designed to track members of ethnic minority groups, have been used outside of China, including in a mass surveillance network set up in Zimbabwe, according to the Treasury. .

DJI was added to the Commerce Department’s list of export restrictions in late 2020; the PSB was sanctioned in July 2020 and added to the export control list in October 2019. Léon was listed by the Department of Commerce in July 2021, and CloudWalk was added in June 2020.

Megvii Technology Limited, Netposa Technologies Limited, Xiamen Meiya Pico Information Co., Ltd. and Yitu Limited, all listed on Thursday by the Treasury, were subject to export restrictions in October 2019. They each operate in China’s surveillance industry and provide technology that has been used to track Uyghurs, according to the Treasury.

Dawning Information Industry Co., Ltd. provides big data systems for national defense and security purposes, including the development of nuclear and hypersonic weapons tests by the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), the Treasury said. It has been banned from receiving US exports since June 2019 under the name Sugon, an alias. Sugon built the Urumqi cloud computing center, which is used to monitor individuals in Xinjiang, according to the Treasury.

Separately on Thursday, the Ministry of Commerce export restrictions announced on dozens of entities in China, including players in the biotechnology sector, because of their support for the military.

“The scientific pursuit of biotechnology and medical innovation can save lives,” said US Secretary of Commerce Gina M. Raimondo. “Unfortunately, the [Chinese government] chooses to use these technologies to exercise its control over its people and its repression of members of ethnic and religious minority groups.

The Academy of Military Medical Sciences (AMMS) and 11 of its research institutes have been listed because they use biotechnological processes to support Chinese military end-uses and military end-users, including for “so-called control weapons.” of the brain, ”the Commerce Department said.

AMMS jointly holds patents for genome screening tests with BGI Group, the world’s largest genomics company, Reuters reported in January. One of the patents, granted in 2015, was for a low-cost testis kit to detect respiratory pathogens, including coronaviruses, according to the report. Two BGI subsidiaries have been added to the export control list in July 2020, but two U.S. lawmakers this fall called for BGI to be named as a company linked to the Chinese military.

Another company listed on Thursday by the Commerce Department, Jiangsu Hengtong Marine Cable Systems Co., Ltd., participated in the national scientific observation network of the seabed of China, Kharon reported in January. Hengtong Marine Cable Systems owns a 51% stake in HMN International Co. Ltd, which was also listed on Thursday, according to Hong Kong records.

HMN was previously 51% owned by a subsidiary of Chinese network equipment giant Huawei Technologies, which was indicted, listed by the Treasury as a military-industrial enterprise and subject to export controls for business with embargoed countries, according to company records in Hong Kong. Also on Thursday, the Commerce Department revised its list of Huawei, adding three new aliases under one of its affiliates: Huawei Marine Networks.

Source link

Congress approves import ban targeting forced Muslim labor in China Fri, 17 Dec 2021 22:29:37 +0000

WASHINGTON (AP) – Senators on Thursday gave Congress final approval to a bill banning imports from China’s Xinjiang region unless companies can prove they were produced without forced labor , overcoming initial White House hesitation and what supporters have called corporate opposition.

The move is the latest in a series that intensifies U.S. sanctions against systemic allegations and widespread abuse of ethnic and religious minorities in the western region, especially that of Xinjiang Predominantly Muslim Uyghurs. The Biden administration also announced on Thursday new sanctions targeting several Chinese biotechnology and surveillance companies, a major drone maker and government entities for their actions in Xinjiang.

The Senate vote sends the bill to President Joe Biden. Press secretary Jen Psaki said this week that Biden supported the measure, after months the White House refused to take a public position on an earlier version of the legislation.

The United States says China is committing genocide in its treatment of Uyghurs. This includes widespread reports by rights groups and journalists from forced sterilization and large detention camps where many Uyghurs would be forced to work in factories.

China denies any abuse. He says the measures he has taken are necessary to fight terrorism and a separatist movement.

The United States cites raw cotton, gloves, tomato products, silicone and viscose, fishing gear, and a range of solar energy components among the products allegedly produced using forced labor.

Xinjiang is a resource-rich mining region, important for agricultural production, and home to a thriving industrial sector. Detainees are also being moved out of Xinjiang and put to work in factories, including clothing and textiles, electronics, solar power and automobiles, according to the United States.

“Many companies have already taken steps to clean up their supply chains. And, frankly, they shouldn’t have any concerns about this law, ”said Sen. Marco Rubio, the Florida Republican who introduced the previous version of the legislation with Democratic Oregon Senator Jeff Merkley, in a comment. communicated.

“For those who have not, they will no longer be able to continue to make Americans – each of us, frankly – unwitting accomplices in atrocities, in genocide,” Rubio said.

As in the House earlier this week, the compromise version was passed by the Senate with the overwhelming approval of Democrats and Republicans. The quick move came after what supporters said was behind-the-scenes opposition from companies with manufacturing ties to China, though there was little to no overt opposition.

Apple’s lobbying firm lobbied on behalf of Apple, according to a federal disclosure form. Apple, like Nike and other companies working in China, says it has found no signs of Xinjiang forced labor in its manufacturing or supply chain.

Some Uyghur rights activists and others said they also feared private opposition within the Biden administration as it sought Chinese cooperation on climate change and other issues.

Psaki, in his statement Tuesday evening, noted export controls and import restrictions, sanctions, diplomatic initiatives and other measures the Biden administration had already taken against forced labor in Xinjiang.

The Senate also approved Biden’s candidate for ambassador to China, veteran diplomat Nicholas Burns, on Thursday in a 75-18 vote.

Lawyers credited the unwavering support from advocacy groups and lawmakers, including statements by House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, to helping the bill win.

With the legislation, sanctions and months of other new measures, “the United States is one step ahead” of the international community in confronting China over Uyghur abuses, said Nury Turkel, senior researcher at the ‘Hudson Institute and Vice President of the American Commission. on international religious freedom.

How to change China “without attacking the most important thing for the Chinese government, which is its economic interest?” asked Turkel, who praised Congress – but not the administration – for what he called a cohesive message on the issue.

The law requires government agencies to expand their oversight of the use of forced labor by ethnic minorities in China. Mostly, it creates a presumption that goods from Xinjiang are made with forced labor. Companies will have to prove that forced labor, including by workers transferred from Xinjiang, played no role in a product to bring it to the United States.

Meanwhile, the Commerce Department announced new sanctions targeting the Chinese Academy of Military Medical Sciences and its 11 research institutes that focus on using biotechnology to support the Chinese military.

The move prohibits US companies from selling goods and technology to unlicensed entities.

China “chooses to use these technologies to exercise control over its people and its repression of members of minority ethnic and religious groups,” Commerce Secretary Gina Raimondo said in a statement.

Separately, the Treasury Department said it was placing DJI, the world’s largest drone maker, and seven other Chinese companies on an investment blacklist for their alleged involvement in biometric surveillance and Uyghur tracking.

The measure means that individuals in the United States will be prohibited from buying or selling publicly traded securities related to companies.

DJI dominates the global market for small, low-level drones used by hobbyists, photographers, and many businesses and governments.

Other companies added to the Treasury’s blacklist are image recognition software company Megvii, supercomputer maker Dawning Information Industry, facial recognition specialist CloudWalk Technology, cybersecurity group Xiamen Meiya Pico, company d artificial intelligence Yitu Technology and cloud computing companies Leon Technology and NetPosa Technologies.

U.S. intelligence has established that Beijing has set up a high-tech surveillance system across Xinjiang that uses biometric facial recognition and has collected DNA samples from all residents, ages 12 to 65, in the part of a systematic effort to suppress the Uyghurs, according to a senior administration official who briefed journalists on the sanctions on condition of anonymity.

The Commerce Department said several federal agencies have determined that the Chinese academy and research institutes “are using biotechnological processes to support Chinese military end uses and end users, including alleged brain control weapons.”

The White House announced last week that it would hold a diplomatic conference boycott of the upcoming Beijing Winter Olympics, citing the “gross human rights violations and atrocities committed by China in Xinjiang”. American athletes will compete but Biden will not send the usual contingent of dignitaries.

The Chinese Embassy in Washington did not immediately respond to a call and email seeking comment.

Rights groups note that prison labor has long been a part of the U.S. economy, with inmates producing goods and providing services such as call centers for generally reduced pay. Opponents say the system disproportionately benefits from the work of imprisoned black Americans.