One of the most important and crucial roles of veterinarians is public health safety. As more than 60% of known infections and 75% of emerging infections are zoonotic, that is to say they come from an animal source and affect humans, the role of the veterinarian therefore becomes inevitable.
The emergence of new and serious zoonotic infections including zika virus, ebola virus, avian flu, swine flu, SARS, MERS and the more recent SARS-CoV-2 which caused the COVID-19 pandemic 19, highlighted the role of veterinarians from all disciplines, whether molecular subjects such as virology, immunology, epidemiology, or basic, production and clinico-paraclinical subjects.
Each veterinarian, whatever his discipline, contributes during the emergency as well as during the pandemic, whatever the responsibility entrusted to him, whether it be diagnosis, surveillance, epidemiology, control, prevention or support. Except for a few labs in the country, veterinarians still have to fulfill their role with meager facilities.
The provision of well-equipped laboratories can boost the morale of veterinarians by contributing to public health security and improve performance at different stages of contribution. In the current scenario of poor infrastructure, awareness and education on public health issues and one health approaches can support but not suffice their role.